Investment Operations

DTCC Addresses Relationship between Derivatives Data and Systemic Risk


Eight years since derivatives trade reporting was first introduced, DTCC’s latest white paper assesses progress against G20 goals and proposes recommendations to further improve the global reporting framework

While significant progress has been made during the last eight years towards establishing a global reporting framework for over-the-counter (OTC) derivatives transactions, substantial work remains in the areas of data consistency, aggregation and access in order to be able to effectively monitor and reduce systemic risk, according to a white paper published yesterday by The Depository Trust & Clearing Corporation (DTCC).

In its latest white paper, ‘A Progress Report on OTC Derivatives Trade Repositories: Many Miles Travelled, More Yet to Go’, DTCC calls for continued focus on the definition and adoption of data standards and the exploration of opportunities to leverage new and emerging technologies.

The white paper acknowledges the collaborative work that has been undertaken across the derivatives industry to address data reporting challenges in the areas of data sharing as well as the development of proposed global standards, such as the CPMI-IOSCO’s work to establish guidelines for the consistent use and governance of the critical data elements (CDEs) needed to identify, process and report an OTC derivative transaction globally. While these efforts have helped to lay the foundation for a global reporting framework, the white paper suggests that further work remains to truly deliver upon the G20 goals of greater transparency and risk mitigation.

“The industry has made significant strides in launching a global derivatives trade reporting framework following the global financial crisis, providing derivatives market transparency never before seen. However, we still have work to do to fully deliver upon G20 objectives,” stated Val Wotton, Managing Director, DTCC Deriv/SERV. “For fifteen years, DTCC has operated its Deriv/SERV business, interacting closely with market participants, industry associations, standard-setting bodies and regulators. We look forward to further collaboration with the industry to continue to enhance the service to meet evolving industry and regulatory needs,” he added.

The white paper also assesses the potential for new technologies, such as distributed ledger technology (DLT), to advance reporting practices and proposes how the industry can continue to move toward an integrated reporting framework for the global OTC derivatives market. Further, the white paper states that, while the industry is assessing whether DLT may enable a shift to searchable databases and full regulatory access, in order to harness DLT and other technologies to advance derivatives operations and reporting, standards must be in place to enable consistent data capture, processing and reporting.

“The industry must implement consistent standards globally or, alternatively, normalize data in accordance with prescribed standards,” said Chris Childs, President & CEO, DTCC Deriv/SERV. “Then the industry will be able to further reduce operational risks, costs and improve the value of the data for all that need to use it.”

The white paper highlights initiatives such as the Hyperledger Project (of which DTCC is a founding member) and the International Swaps and Derivatives Association’s (ISDA) Common Data Model (CDM), which aims to ensure use of standard terms for common events in the OTC derivatives transaction chain as examples of initiatives that can help address standards concerns.

To address these challenges, the white paper recommends the industry examine opportunities to expand the use of data that is captured through the global reporting framework. For example, the credit default swap (CDS) market is a proven model for establishing a single trade record warehouse to collect and maintain data for all global CDS transactions and to hold a “golden source” record which serves the public good.